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The Brewing of Soma (a.k.a. Dear Lord and Father of Mankind)

John Greenleaf Whittier

Whittier begins with his inspiration for the poem,
a quote from a translation of a Hindu religious text…

“These libations mixed with milk have been prepared for Indra:
offer Soma to the drinker of Soma.”
— Vashista —
translated by Max Muller.

The fagots blazed, the caldron’s smoke
Up through the green wood curled;
“Bring honey from the hollow oak,
Brink milky sap,” the brewers spoke,
In the childhood of the world.

And brewed they well or brewed they ill,
The priests thrust in their rods,
First tasted, and then drank their fill,
And shouted, with one voice and will,
“Behold, the drink of gods!”

They drank, and lo! in heart and brain
A new, glad life began;
The gray of hair grew young again,
The sick man laughed away his pain,
The cripple leaped and ran.

“Drink, mortals, what the gods have sent,
Forget your long annoy.”
So sang the priests.  From tent to tent
The Soma’s sacred madness went,
A storm of drunken joy.

Then knew each rapt inebriate
A winged and glorious birth,
Soared upward, with strange joy elate,
Beat, with dazed head, Varuna’s gate,
And sobered, sank to earth.

The land with Soma’s praises rang;
On Gihon’s banks of shade
Its hymns the dusky maidens sang;
In joy of life or mortal pang
All men to Soma prayed.

The morning twilight of the race
Sends down these matin psalms;
And still with wondering eyes we trace
The simple prayers to Soma’s grace,
That Vedic verse embalms.

As in that child-world’s early year,
Each after age has striven
By music, incense, vigils drear,
And trance, to bring the skies more near,
Or lift men up to heaven!

Some fever of the blood and brain,
Some self-exalting spell,
The scourger’s keen delight of pain,
the Dervish dance, the Orphic strain,
The wild-haired Bacchant’s yell,—

The desert’s hair-grown hermit sunk
The saner brute below;
The naked Santon, hashish-drunk,
The cloister madness of the monk,
The fakir’s torture show!

And yet the past comes round again,
And new doth old fulfil;
In sensual transports wild as vain
We brew in many a Christian fane
The heathen Soma still!

Dear Lord and Father of mankind,
Forgive our foolish ways!
Reclothe us in our rightful mind,
In purer lives Thy service find,
In deeper reverence, praise.1

In simple trust like theirs who heard
Beside the Syrian sea
The gracious calling of the Lord,
Let us, like them, without a word
Rise up and follow Thee.

O Sabbath rest by Galilee!
O calm of hills above,
Where Jesus knelt to share with Thee
The silence of eternity
Interpreted by love!

With that deep hush subduing all
Our words and works that drown
The tender whisper of Thy call,
As noiseless let Thy blessing fall
As fell Thy manna down.

Drop Thy still dews of quietness,
Till all our strivings cease;
Take from our souls the strain and stress,
And let our ordered lives confess
The beauty of Thy peace.2

Breathe through the heats of our desire
Thy coolness and Thy balm;
Let sense be numb, let flesh retire;
Speak through the earthquake, wind, and fire,
O still, small voice of calm!


To discover more hymns, visit our growing list of Powerful Poetry.


  1. Editor’s note: My first exposure to this poem was when our public-school choir performed it back in the the spring of 1965. (Yes, back in the days when America wasn’t anti-Christian, we could and did sing about God and Jesus in public school.) The hymn Dear Lord and Father of Mankind is taken from the closing verses of The Brewing of Soma, starting at verse 11.

    Some readers at first may wonder why this poem is included with all the other sacred poems on this web site. As the reader penetrates through the first nine verses, he encounters a beverage called soma, an intoxicating, almost hallucinogenic, brew used in Hindu religious festivals in Whittier’s time. The poet compares the soma-induced frenzied madness with experiences (be they ecstatic or ascetic) in other religions. Then in verse 11 (where fane is an old word for church) we suddenly realize Whittier’s true target and his proffered panacea.

    I cannot help but read this poem and experience it as a prophetic indictment of the glitz, glamor, hype, and the irreverent, boisterous soulishness of many so-called “Spirit-filled” meetings.

  2. Percy Gutteridge quotes the eighth, eleventh through fifteenth and (appropriately) the sixteenth stanza in The Holy Spirit as Dew.
1 comment… add one
  • David Lowe October 16, 2020, 3:22 am

    Thank you, Jim. Speak through the Earthquake, Wind and Fire / oh still small voice of calm, remembered from school, but little else, gratified to see it here and reacquaint myself, and read the first eleven “unknown” stanzas. Much appreciated – even if you had to wait ten tears!

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